LATEST ARTICLE: “Measuring the Openness of AI Foundation Models: Competition and Policy Implications

BOOK: “Blockchain + Antitrust: The Decentralization Formula


I am an Associate Professor of Law at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (Amsterdam Law & Technology Institute), and a Faculty Affiliate at Stanford University (CodeX Center), where I founded the “Computational Antitrust” project that brings together over 65 antitrust agencies. I am also the founder of the Network Law Review and the host of the Scaling Theory podcast.

I hold research and teaching positions at the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and Sciences Po Paris; I am an alumnus of the Berkman Center at Harvard University, a member of the scientific board of the French Regulatory Authority for Audiovisual and Digital Communication, and a blockchain expert appointed to the World Economic Forum and the World Bank.

In 2018, I received the “Academic Excellence” Global Competition Review Award, which recognizes “an academic competition specialist who has made an outstanding contribution to competition policy.” I have published a first book (Bruylant ed.) on “predatory innovation in antitrust law” and articles at Harvard University, Stanford, MIT, Oxford, NYU, Berkeley, and Georgetown, among others.

In recent years, I have focused most of my research on blockchain antitrust, computational antitrust, and complexity science. I have written the world’s most downloaded antitrust articles in 2018 (“The Blockchain Antitrust Paradox”), 2019 (“Collusion by Blockchain and Smart Contracts”), 2020 (“Blockchain Code as Antitrust”), 2021 (“Computational Antitrust: An Introduction and Research Agenda”), and 2022 (“Complexity-Minded Antitrust”). My most recent book, “Blockchain + Antitrust”, was published in September 2021.


In a word, my research gravitates around the complexity of digital markets and their regulation. I spend most of my research time exploring related issues in/on these four initiatives: